History| PTS Act
From PTS to TBS（1980-2007）
Premier Yun-suan Sun calls for the establishment of a public broadcasting service.
The Government Information Office drafts an outline for a Center for Producing Public TV Programs.
The Public TV Program Production and Broadcasting Committee is established under the Government Information Office. Time slots are requisitioned from three terrestrial TV stations to broadcast programs.
Program production is given to the Public TV Program Production and Broadcasting Team under the Chinese Public Television Broadcasting Development Foundation.
The Public Television Preparatory Committee is established after the Executive Yuan approves guidelines for installation. Seven specialists and scholars are enlisted to formulate draft legislation for the Public Television Act.
The Public Television Act is submitted to the Legislative Yuan for approval.
Activists from the cultural community form the Public Media Lobbying Alliance.
On May 31st, The Public Television Act passes its third reading in the Legislative Yuan.
The Nomination and Review Committee of the Legislative Yuan approves 18 nominees for the 1st Board of Directors and Board of Supervisors of the Public Television Service Foundation. In its first meeting, the Board of Directors elects Feng-shan Wu as chair.
On July 1st, The Public Television Service Foundation is established and launches broadcasting services.
On December 9th, the Legislative Yuan passed amendments to the Broadcasting and Television Act, Cable Television Act, and Satellite Broadcasting Act. These amended laws prohibit the government, political parties, party affair personnel, appointed government officials, and elected public officials from investing in the broadcasting and television industries. In addition, government and political parties must withdraw their investments within two years after implementation of these three laws. Based on the government’s initial plan, Chinese Television System (CTS) would become publicly and privately owned.
On January 3rd, the Legislative Yuan passed the Statute Regarding the Disposition of Government Shareholdings in the Terrestrial Television Industry, ushering in a new era of media free of political parties, government, and military.
On January 16th, Liming Foundation donated CTS shares to the PTS Foundation.
On March 31st, the special CTS shareholders meeting elected the new CTS board of directors and supervisors. The board was composed of 11 PTS directors and supervisors, six experts recommended by PTS, and six representatives from private shareholders. The first meeting of the new board of directors and supervisors was convened, and PTS chairman, Dr. Louis Chen was elected CTS chairman without remuneration. During the meeting, the appointments of Yuan Li as CTS president, Wu-sung Kao as vice president, and other executives were also approved. CTS became a public entity in due process. The establishment of the Taiwan Broadcasting System (TBS), composed of PTS and CTS, was set into motion.
On July 1st, Chinese Television went public, and the Taiwan Broadcasting System was formed.
On January 1st, Hakka Television, Taiwan Indigenous Television and Taiwan Macroview Television merged to form the Taiwan Broadcasting System.
Public Television Act
Promulgated by Presidential Order
Hua Tsung (1) I No. 8600139050 on June 18, 1997
Revised Articles 2 and 24 promulgated by Presidential Order
Hua Tsung (1) I No. 9000203930 on October 17,2001
This Act is enacted to promote the effective development of public television, establish a public service mass media system, compensate for the inadequacy of commercial television, and safeguard the citizens' freedom of expression and right to know, raise cultural and educational standards, advance the development of democratic society, and enhance social wellbeing through diversified planning.
In order to realize the objectives of this Act, the Public Television Service Foundation (referred to hereinafter as the "PTS Foundation") shall be established to operate the Public Television Service (referred to hereinafter as "PTS"). In addition to the provisions of this Act, the provisions of the Civil Code relating to corporations are applicable to the establishment, organization, and operation of the PTS Foundation.
Government contributions to the PTS Foundation in accordance with this Act, shall be annually reduced by 10 percent of the initial allocation until the third fiscal year.
The regulatory agency of the PTS Foundation shall be the Government Information Office (GIO)
The establishment fund of the PTS Foundation shall be provided by the regulatory agency with a budgetary contribution of NT$100 million, and property purchased with the budgets allocated for PTS establishment preparations in the previous years shall also be contributed, the restrictions in Article 23 of the Budget Act notwithstanding.
The PTS Foundation shall be established in the same location as the central government, and branch offices may be established when necessary.
Examination and approval of PTS's principal facilities and engineering techniques; the qualification standards of technical personnel; the supervision and management of electromagnetic waves, such as the broadcast frequencies, the call sign, and electric power; and the issuance and renewal of the station license shall follow related regulations published by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC).
The required electromagnetic wave frequencies for PTS shall be planned and designated by the GIO in coordination with the MOTC. The aforesaid frequencies shall not be leased, loaned, or transferred.
The PTS Foundation shall file an application for station installations with the GIO, which shall refer it to the MOTC for the issuance of the installation permit, before the PTS Foundation sets up the installations. The completed installations shall be inspected by the MOTC, which shall issue a station license after the requirements are met. The GIO shall then issue a television license before PTS begins broadcasting.
The provisions of the preceding paragraph shall apply to the establishment of any PTS branch station, transmitting station, repeater station, or relay station.
When it is necessary for PTS to obtain or utilize certain land to establish a branch station, transmitting station, repeater station, or relay station, the relevant government agencies shall provide assistance.
The PTS Foundation operations shall include the following:
Establishing and operating PTS
Broadcasting TV programs
Producing and distributing TV and video programs and issuing relevant publications
Researching and promoting television theories, techniques, and programs
Other operations that contribute to the objectives in Article 1.
Public television belongs to the entire body of citizens. It shall operate independently without interference, and shall observe the following principles:
Furnish complete information, fairly serve the public, and not serve profit-making objectives
Provide the public proper access to PTS, and especially protect the rights and interests of disadvantaged groups
Offer or sponsor the production and presentation of various folk arts, literature, and arts, in order to promote balanced cultural development
Introduce new information and concepts
Produce and broadcast programs that safeguard human dignity; meet the fundamental constitutional spirit of freedom, democracy, and rule of law; and maintain diversity, objectivity, fairness, and balance of different ethnic groups.
If techniques and budget permit, the PTS Foundation shall offer complete TV reception of the same quality to viewers nationwide.
The PTS Foundation shall set up a board of directors, consisting of 11 to 15 people. The procedures for selection are as follows:
The Legislative Yuan shall recommend 11 to 13 just and fair people from society to form the PTS Directors and Supervisors Review Committee (referred to hereinafter as the "Review Committee").
Candidates for PTS directors and supervisors shall be nominated by the Executive Yuan and then submitted to the premier for appointment with the consent of more than three-fourths of the members of the Review Committee.
The selection of PTS directors shall consider gender and ethnic representation and a balanced representation from education, arts, literature, academics, communications, and other professional fields.
Not more than a quarter of PTS directors shall be of the same political party affiliation. Directors may not participate in political activities during their tenures.
The following persons shall not serve as PTS directors:
Public officials, exclusive of educators and researchers at all levels of public schools and academic institutions
Political party workers
Responsible persons and executives of over-the-air and cable radio and television enterprises
Manufacturers, importers, and dealers of transmitting equipment and facilities
Persons whose total investments in the enterprises of the preceding two items exceed 5 percent of the capitalization of the enterprises
Members of the Review Committee
The board of directors shall:
set the operational orientation of the PTS;
approve annual work plans;
review and approve PTS's fiscal budget and final accounts;
decide the orientation of PTS programming and development and supervise their implementation;
decide the establishment and dissolution of PTS branches;
amend the charter of the PTS Foundation;
formulate and revise important regulations on business management and implementation;
select and appoint the president and confirm the selection and appointment of the vice president and other first-level executives;
evaluate and approve the PTS personnel system;
establish various ad hoc advisory committees; and
perform other obligations of the board of directors as authorized by this Act or the charter.
A director shall serve a term of three years and is eligible for re-appointment when the term of service expires.
There shall be one chairperson on the board of directors who shall be elected by the directors from among themselves.
The chairperson shall be in charge of the general affairs of the board, preside at board meetings, and represent the PTS Foundation in dealing with third parties.
In the event that the chairperson cannot exercise his powers for any cause whatsoever, he shall designate one of the directors to act on his behalf during his absence. If the chairperson fails to make such a designation, the directors shall elect from among themselves, a chairperson to act on his behalf.
In the event that the chairperson cannot exercise his powers for more than three months for any cause whatsoever, he may be removed from office by a resolution of the board of directors.
The board of directors shall ask the premier to remove a director from office, when any of the following situations are applicable to that particular director:
Any situation as stipulated in Article 14
The director has been declared incompetent or bankrupt
The director is sentenced to imprisonment for a definite period of time or a more severe punishment and the decision has become final, unless the punishment is suspended or commuted to a fine
The director is diagnosed by a public hospital to be mentally or physically impaired to the extent that he is incapable of exercising his powers
The director's conduct is determined through a board resolution to have violated the duties of a director or acted in such a way that is improper for a director.
In the event that one-third of the directors have vacated their offices, new directors shall immediately be selected pursuant to Article 13 to fill the vacancies. The new directors shall serve until the original term expires.
When the chairperson has vacated office, one of the directors shall be elected by the directors to exercise the chairperson's powers until the original term expires.
The chairperson shall be a full-time paid position, but directors shall receive no compensation other than fees for attending board meetings.
The board of directors shall meet at least once per month. Special meetings shall be called at such times as deemed necessary by the chairperson or upon request by at least one-third of the directors.
Except as otherwise provided herein, the board shall adopt no resolution unless the meeting is attended by two-thirds of the directors and a majority of the votes are cast in favor of the resolution.
The PTS Foundation shall establish a board of three to five supervisors, who shall elect a standing supervisor from among themselves.
Supervisors shall have relevant knowledge and experience in mass media, law, or accounting. Related provisions regarding the directors in this Act shall apply to the term and termination of service of the supervisors.
The board of supervisors shall audit the use of funds by the PTS Foundation and determine whether there has been a violation of the PTS Foundation's Financial Auditing Procedures and other laws.
The board of directors shall prescribe the PTS Foundation's Financial Auditing Procedures mentioned in the preceding paragraph.
The PTS Foundation shall have a president, who shall be nominated by the chairperson of the board and approved by two-thirds of the directors. There shall be one to three vice presidents, depending on the requirements of the business. The vice presidents shall be nominated by the president and approved by the board of directors.
The president shall be directed and supervised by the board of directors in conducting the business of the PTS Foundation. Within the scope of his powers, the president shall represent the PTS Foundation. The vice presidents shall assist the president with the business, and shall act on his behalf in his absence.
Managers and other first-level executives shall be nominated by the president and approved by the board of directors.
The following conduct of the president shall be subject to the advance written approval of the board of directors:
Acquiring, transferring, leasing, lending, or mortgaging real estate
Transferring, leasing, lending, or mortgaging all or part of the transmitting facilities
Investing in other industries related to the operational objectives of public television
Other items requiring the approval of the board of directors as mandated by this Act or the charter.
Companies subject to PTS Foundation investment in accordance with Item 3 of the preceding paragraph shall be restricted to limited companies or companies limited by shares.
The board of directors shall report the actions under Items 1 and 2 of Paragraph 1 to the regulatory agency.
The president and the vice president may not concurrently serve as a public official or political party worker, conduct other businesses, engage in profit-making businesses, or invest in newspapers, news agencies, or radio, television, motion picture, video tape, or other mass media businesses.
The president or vice president shall be dismissed by the board of directors, if he:
has violated any item in Paragraph 1 of Article 24;
the person has been declared incompetent or bankrupt;
has been diagnosed by a public hospital to be mentally or physically impaired to the extent that he is incapable of exercising his powers; or
has been determined by a board resolution to have violated his duties or acted in such a way that is improper for his position.
To ensure the professionalism and independence of news production, the staff of the news department shall elect from among themselves three to five representatives to formulate policy on news production and broadcasting with the president.
The funds for the PTS Foundation shall come from:
government contributions allocated from the annual national budget;
interest from operating the funds;
contributions from the public and private institutions, organizations, or individuals at home and abroad;
income from public television cultural businesses and activities;
income from producing programs on commission; and
other sources of income.
The PTS Foundation shall effectively use its funds consistent with the establishment purposes of the foundation.
The business year of the PTS Foundation shall be identical with the fiscal year of the government.
The annual business plan and the revenue and expenditure budget of the PTS Foundation shall be compiled by the president and then sent to the board of directors for review.
To apply for government contributions as a part of its annual funds, the PTS Foundation shall submit the annual business plan and the revenue and expenditure budget to the board of directors for approval and then to the regulatory agency for the required budget procedure.
At the end of the business year, the residual budget of the PTS Foundation, with the exception of reserved items, shall be listed as part of the remainder of the Foundation's fund.
At the end of the business year, the PTS Foundation shall prepare an annual business report detailing its performance and final revenue and expenditure accounts for review by the board of supervisors and approval by the board of directors, whereupon it shall be sent to the regulatory agency for the required final accounting procedure.
In accordance with the provisions of Articles 30 and 32 of this Act, the Legislative Yuan shall review the budget and final accounts of the PTS Foundation and may invite the chairperson of the board of directors or the president of the PTS Foundation to attend the Legislative Yuan's meetings for interpellation or explanation.
The PTS Foundation shall have its business plans, fund management, use of funds, list of property, table of assets and liabilities, balance sheets, and other documents related to its operation and financial situation, certified by accountants and make them available to the public on its premises.
PTS shall make its documents on personnel affairs, salary framework, budget (excluding construction project tenders), research papers, annual reports, list of contributors, copyright, and other materials approved by the board of directors available to the public with overhead costs charged.
Program production and broadcasting shall:
raise citizens' cultural standards and promote national educational and cultural development;
maintain diversity and a balance of different types of programs;
ensure objectivity and fairness, and offer opportunities for fair participation and expression of opinions to the public and different groups;
respect personal reputations and protect the right of privacy;
vigorously provide programs that are suitable for viewing by children, juveniles, women, and the elderly, and which are beneficial to their mental and physical development and health;
refrain from commenting on lawsuits that are under investigation or trial, or judicial personnel handling the cases or the parties involved; or reporting the debate of lawsuits that are prohibited from being open to the public;
make no political or religious publicity for any political party or religious group; and
refrain from violating the law, disrupting public order, or adversely affecting good social customs.
News programming shall:
be clearly distinguished from commentaries and include no personal views of the reporter;
be accurate, objective, and fair; not distort or conceal important facts, or influence the viewers' judgment through suggestive means; and
include information on important international, national, and local events.
Chinese subtitles shall be added to foreign-language programs broadcast in the original language.
Educational, information, and recreational programming shall take into consideration the needs of different linguistic groups and those with hearing and/or visual impairments. Regional dialect educational programming shall be suitably provided.
Local drama, cultural, and arts programming shall be produced and broadcast in the local dialect to express their special characteristics, and Chinese subtitles shall be added.
PTS shall provide subtitle-decoding signals for selection by the audience.
An appropriate amount of news programming shall be broadcast in the foreign language in order to meet the requirements of globalization.
The name of the program producer shall be listed at the end of each program transmission.
Public television may not broadcast programs that are unsuitable for viewing by children and juveniles at any time. At least half an hour each of programming for children and juveniles shall be scheduled between 17:00 and 20:00 hours daily from Monday through Friday. At least one hour each of programming for children and juveniles shall be broadcast on weekends and holidays, in time slots determined by PTS according to the daily routine of the children and juveniles.
PTS may not broadcast commercial advertisements, but the name of the sponsor may be noted at the end of program planned and produced by the station.
PTS program tapes shall be preserved for at least one year for reference.
PTS shall establish a library for long-term collection and preservation of outstanding videotaped programs that shall be made available for public viewing.
The board of directors shall prescribe the regulations governing the organization of the library and management of the videotaped programs mentioned in the preceding paragraph.
If an aggrieved party considers a report by PTS to be erroneous, the said party may request a correction within 15 days of its broadcast. Within ten days of receiving the request, PTS shall make the correction in the same program or another program in the same time slot or a program especially established for corrections. If PTS considers that there has been no error in the program, it shall state its reasons in a written response to the aggrieved party.
If the rights and interests of an aggrieved party are impaired due to an erroneous report, the related personnel of the PTS Foundation, and PTS shall be held for civil or criminal liability in accordance with the law.
When a PTS commentary involves other individuals, organizations, or groups to the extent that their rights and interests are impaired, the aggrieved party may request a commensurate opportunity to respond.
The provisions of the preceding article shall apply to the right of requesting a response and to the method of administrative relief.
During the election campaign period for public officials, if a PTS program or commentary involves specific candidates or political parties, and the said party requests a correction or an opportunity to respond in accordance with the provisions of the preceding two articles, PTS shall make an immediate correction or provide an appropriate opportunity to respond. The response may be made in writing when necessary.
If a viewer considers that a PTS program has violated the provisions of Article 36 to Article 41, he may send a written complaint with specific facts to PTS within 15 days of the broadcast of the program. PTS shall state its reasons and the methods for reconsideration in case the complainant does not accept its disposition, in a written response to the complainant within 30 days of receiving the complaint.
If PTS does not fulfill the obligations of the preceding paragraph, or if a complainant does not accept PTS's disposition of the preceding paragraph, the complainant may send a written request for reconsideration to the board of directors within 30 days. After receiving the request, the board of directors shall make a decision within 30 days and shall state its reasons in a written response to the complainant, the program producer, and the president.
If the program producer does not accept PTS's disposition of the case in Paragraph 1, he may apply for reconsideration in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph.
This Act shall become effective on the day it is promulgated.
The board of directors of the PTS Foundation shall formulate the charter within three months of the first day of the first meeting. The regulatory agency shall submit the charter to the Legislative Yuan for reference and shall apply for corporate registration with a court.
In the event that the PTS Foundation is unable to fulfill the objectives for its establishment due to changed circumstances, it may be dissolved by resolution of the Legislative Yuan. After dissolution, the remaining property shall belong to the national treasury.
Article 37 to 43 of the Civil Code shall apply to the dissolution of the PTS Foundation.